New to the M2 are a number of plug-and-play add on modules, including wireless communications, inertial measurement, enhanced ADC, SD card data storage, and more. Communications take place over the TWI (two-wire interface), which is the Atmel implementation of the I2C serial protocol. The mBUS requires only three pins (D0-D2) plus power and ground, and can host up to 128 software-addressable devices.
All mBUS devices are equipped with a 5-pin 0.050" male header that is intended to mate with a female header at the end of the m2 board. Certain devices also have 0.100"-spaced holes to accommodate breadboard connections.
To connect a device to the mBUS, you have two options:
1. Solder a 0.050" 5-pin female header (Digikey part #S9010E-05-ND) onto the end of the M2, as shown in the images below:
Be careful to avoid bridging the pins together. With this header in place, you can directly connect any mBUS device directly into the m2, like this:
2. The other option would be to run wires from 5V, GND, D0, D1, and D2 to the mBUS module.
To enable the mBUS, you will need to download the following C and H files:
Be sure to include the C file in your project:
- For Windows OS users, if you're using Option 1, you will then need to right-click on the Source Files folder, and select Add Existing Source File(s)..., then select the m_bus.c file, and if you're using Option 2, place m_bus.c in src/.
- For Mac and Linux users, If you're using Option 1, edit your Makefile to add "m_bus.o" after "main.o" on the OBJECTS line, and If you're using Option 2, place m_bus.c in src/.
Also, place the H file next to your main file for Option 1 or place the H file in inc/ for Option 2, and include m_bus.h in your main routine.
In order to utilize the mBUS, you must make sure that the system clock has a frequency of 16 MHz, and you must initialize the mBUS by calling "m_bus_init();"